- Oleh Lembaga
- Ditulis 2018-11-29
Global warming and climate change are often closely related to hydro-meteorological disasters which frequently occur in many places. One phenomenon which is affected by global warming is the changing of weather patterns. This phenomenon directly affects humans including the unpredictable pattern, amount, and intensity of rainfall and the scarcity of water which spark the most concerns. As a consequence of climate change, disasters are getting harder to avoid, and can cause not only material but also immaterial loss.
Rainfall is one that triggers disasters. Flood, flash flood and landslide occur after heavy rainfall. High and/or long duration of rainfall in the mountainous areas will cause landslides because of the movement or the fall of rock mass or big clumps of soil which detached from the main section of the mountain. The disadvantages of landslides include the loss of houses, lands, properties and even cost casualties. Awareness and well preparation to face disasters can save many lives. Therefore, an understanding of how to mitigate the disaster is needed in order to reduce the loss.
Restoring vegetation cover is among the essential solutions to protect fragile environment and mitigate the effect of global climate changes in vulnerable regions. Re-vegetation on top of the slope of exposed areas is advantageous to protect hydrological system required to save water for valleys or low land which mostly inhabited by low income families. Therefore, selecting suitable tree species for restoring vegetation cover and improving community income is necessary. Species preferred are those that are suited to be grown in imperiled land, fast growing, having the capability of restoring soil fertility, having appropriate root systems, and providing by product advantageous for the community. The required trees are those which can concurrently be harvested and maintained its main trees and roots systems for preserving soil and water. Selected genetically improved species may help mitigating the effect of global change.
Climate change affects community livelihood within forest area. However, NTFP’s plant can alleviate the climate change impacts by providing communities the resources needed for securing their livelihood. Therefore, NTFPs plant species selection should be taken carefully. The selected NTFPs plant species must be adaptable to climate change as well as have high economy value.
The Conference has adopted a thema of “Hydro-meteorological disaster mitigation under global change”. This International Joint Conference is hosted by Research, Development and Innovation Agency of the Ministry of Environment and Forestry Republic of Indonesia including Center for Forest Biotechnology and Tree Improvement Research and Development (CFBTI), Watershed Management Technology Center (WMTC), Non Timber Forest Product Technology Research and Development Institute (NTFP-RDI), Center for Research and Development of Socio-Economic Policy and Climate Change (CRD-SEPCC), and Gadjah Mada University (UGM).